Let’s see how much you know!
1. Why is Flag Day celebrated on June 14?
a. To honor President Trump’s birthday
b. To commemorate the adoption of the US Flag by resolution of the 2nd Continental Congress.
c. Because it’s just 20 days before July 4th.
d. To commemorate Betsy Ross’ birthday.
2. Is Flag Day an official federal holiday?
3. Which President issued a proclamation officially establishing June 14 as Flag Day?
a. Theodore Roosevelt
b. Woodrow Wilson
c. Calvin Coolidge
d. Franklin Delano Roosevelt
4. How many flags were planted during the Apollo missions? How many still stand?
a. Six planted, five still stand.
b. 13 planted, 13 still stand.
c. One planted, one still stands.
d. One planted, then removed.
5. How old was the person who designed our current flag?
6. Where was the first formal observance of Flag Day?
a. Washington, D.C.
b. Boston, Massachusetts
c. Waubeka, Wisconsin
d. Chicago, Illinois
7. Who is referred to as the "Father of Flag Day"?
a. Bernard J. Cigrand
b. George Washington
c. Harry Truman
d. Woodrow Wilson
1. b; 2. No; 3. b; 4. a; 5. d; 6. c; 7. A
In 1916, President Woodrow Wilson issued a proclamation that officially established June 14 as Flag Day, in order to commemorate the adoption of the US Flag by resolution of the 2nd Continental Congress. However, the Act of Congress officially establishing National Flag Day was not passed until August 1946. It is not an official federal holiday, however, Pennsylvania celebrates Flag Day as a state holiday.
In 1885, Bernard J. Cigrand was a grade school techer in Waubeka, Wisconsin. He held the first formal observance of Flag Day in 1895 at the Stony Hill School. Flag day became a passion for him, and Cigrand spoke around the country, promoting patriotism, respect for the flag, and the need for the annual observance of a flag day on June 14.
Cigrand moved to Chicago to attend dental school, and wrote an article titled, "The Fourteenth of June," which was published in the Chicago Argus newspaper in 1886. Cigrand would become president of the American Flag Day Association and later of the National Flag Day Society, which allowed him to promote his cause with organizational backing.
All in all, Cigrand said he gave 2,188 speeches on patriotism and the flag. He is considered to be the "Father of Flag Day." The Chicago Tribune once noted that Cigrand "almost singlehandedly" established the holiday.
In 1959, the state of Hawaii was admitted to the United States of America, and it was time for a new flag with 50 starts. Rewind back to 1958, Lancaster, Ohio. Robert G. Heft, a 17-year-old high school student had a history project he needed to complete. Assuming that Alaska and Hawaii would one day be states, he designed a 50-star flag, using his mother’s sewing machine to apply 100 hand-cut stars on each side of the flag.
His teacher, who was not overly impressed, gave him a "B-" for the project, but promised to change it to an "A" if the flag was accepted by Congress.
On August 21, 1959, President Eisenhower selected Heft’s flag out of 1500 submitted designs. Eisenhower personally called Heft to let him know that his flag design had been chosen.
And yes, Heft’s grade was raised to an "A".
Heft later became a teacher and the mayor of Napoleon, Ohio. In a 2007 interview with the Grand Rapids Press in Michigan, Heft said, "I think of all the things it [the flag] stood for in the past, the things we’ve done as a nation that we’re proud of. It’s not a perfect country, but where else would I like to live?"
Heft died in 2009.
It is believed that five of the six flags planted on the moon during the Apollo missions are still standing. Buzz Aldrin believes that one was blown over by the exhaust from Apollo 11 during liftoff to return back to earth.