Arizona has an incarceration rate of 868 per 100,000, which is higher than in any other democracy in the world. This number includes immigration detentions and juvenile holding facilities.
If you have a loved one incarcerated in Arizona, you may want to understand how the Arizona Department of Corrections, Rehabilitation & Reentry (ADCRR) works. This post looks at the structure and other aspects of the ADCRR you may need to know.
The ADCRR has a total of 48 prisons, not including state prisons. These prisons are grouped into 14 complexes and two correctional treatment facilities.
After conviction and sentencing to serve time, an offender will land in a county jail before being transferred to any of the 48 state prisons based on their custody level. How long an inmate stays in one prison before a transfer is the prerogative of the ADCRR.
If you have a loved one locked up in Arizona, you want to be aware of their wellbeing at all times. One way of ensuring you are up to date with their wellbeing is keeping track of where they are incarcerated at any particular time.
Luckily, the ADCRR makes searching for an inmate in Arizona pretty easy by providing resources that could help you locate where they are from the comfort of your home.
Functions of the ADCRR
The ADCRR is the statutory body responsible for the incarceration of convicted offenders in all state prisons. The body is also tasked with recruiting and training correctional law enforcement officers at its Tucson Correctional Officer Training Academy.
On top of that, Arizona Department of Corrections, Rehabilitation & Reentry provides supervisory staff for all facilities involved in the rehabilitation and institutionalization of adult offenders, including supervisory roles in private prisons.
The ADCRR Structure
ADCRR is headed by a director who is a governor’s appointee. Qualifications for nomination or appointment for the position include experience in adult correctional programs, adequate training, and the prerequisite academic certification required for managing a modern penal facility.
The ADC has for divisions:
- The administrative services division handles administrative tasks such as information technology, financial services, construction and facility maintenance, research planning, and budgeting.
- The offender operation division is responsible for security in prison. To ensure that all state prisons are secure, the offender operation division is also responsible for determining the offender’s custody level, which is critical in assigning an offender to a facility. This division is also responsible for retaining and monitoring paroled inmates as they serve the remaining part of their sentence within the community.
- The support service department is responsible for administering human resources, including staff recruitment and training and work education, counseling, training, and providing health care for inmates. Arizona Correctional Industries (ACI) falls under this division. The ACI is the branch of the ADCRR that runs businesses in prison by partnering with private employers who provide employment opportunities for the inmates. Some of the proceeds go into catering for their board costs.
- The health services division Contract Monitoring Bureau is the arm that monitors private contractors hired to provide healthcare for inmates, including general medical treatment, emergency treatment, mental health, dental health, and pharmacy services.
Prisons and Jails
While jail and prison are often used interchangeably, they mean two different things. In the Arizona context, a jail is a facility where persons are held for a short time, mainly while awaiting trial or when they have to serve a short sentence and are managed by cities and counties.
On the other hand, prisons hold convicted offenders serving lengthy jail times. Typically prisons hold more people than jails and are run by the state.